Ta’zieh in Kashan
One form of mourning is the theatrical re-enactment of the Battle of Karbala. In Iran this is called taziya or taziyeh. Theatrical groups that specialize in taziya are called taziya groups.

Taziyas were popular through the Qajar dynasty until the early twentieth century, but the re-enactments slowly declined until they were mostly abandoned in the large cities by the early 1940s.
Nonetheless, taziyas continued to exist in Iran on a smaller scale especially in more rural and traditional areas.

Reza Shah, the first of the Pahlavi dynasty, had outlawed taziyas. Despite attempts since 1979, Muharram processions and various forms of the rawza khani are still more common.

Ta’zieh ritual inscribed in 2010 on the representative list of the intangible cultural heritage of humanity, UNESCO.Ta’zieh in Kashan
One form of mourning is the theatrical re-enactment of the Battle of Karbala. In Iran this is called taziya or taziyeh. Theatrical groups that specialize in taziya are called taziya groups.

Taziyas were popular through the Qajar dynasty until the early twentieth century, but the re-enactments slowly declined until they were mostly abandoned in the large cities by the early 1940s.
Nonetheless, taziyas continued to exist in Iran on a smaller scale especially in more rural and traditional areas.

Reza Shah, the first of the Pahlavi dynasty, had outlawed taziyas. Despite attempts since 1979, Muharram processions and various forms of the rawza khani are still more common.

Ta’zieh ritual inscribed in 2010 on the representative list of the intangible cultural heritage of humanity, UNESCO.